Abu Zayd Wali Al Din Abdulrahman Ibn Muhammad Ibn Khaldun Al Hadrami Al Ishbili Al Maliki. (1332-1406). Muslim historian, politician, and political, economic and sociological theorist, and author.
The links below provide massive amounts of information on him, and his works.
His magnum opus is his only known work, a historigraphy called Al-Ibar wa Kitab al Mubtada' wa al-Khabar fi Tarikh al-Arab wa al-Ajam wa al-Barbar wa man 'asarahum min dhawi al Sultan al-Akbar. The full name in Arabic العبر و كتاب المبتدأ و الخبر في تاريخ العرب و العجم و البربر و من عاصرهم من ذوي السلطان الأكبر.
It is basically in three parts:
- Al-Muqadimah (Prolegomena), which is an extensive work on Philosophy of History, Political Theory, Sociology, Economics and Civiliation in general. In it he explains how societies and history works, and what the results of actions of people in history. He draws conclusions into laws of history.
- The history itself, from creation to his own time.
- Al-Ta'reef التعريف بابن خلدون مؤلف الكتاب ورحلته غرباً وشرقاً which is an extensive autobiography.
Also check my article on Ibn Khaldun's use of Orosius work.
An Arabic descriptive article on his history.
- Ibn Khaldun's site on Muslim Philosophy has an excellent collection of material on Ibn Khaldun.
- Arabic biography by Abdul Salam al-Termanini.
- Another Arabic biography from the excellent Al-Rowad web site.
- Wikipedia entry on Ibn Khaldu. Wikipedia also has an entry on the Muqadimmah.
- An English biography.
- From Ummah.net.
- Islamic political thought of Ibn Khaldun (Macquarie University).
- Google Directory (first link is irrelevant to Ibn Khaldun himself).
- Father of Modern Economics.
- James Kalb on Ibn Khaldun in relation to our times.
- Acton Institute Religion and Liberty.
- Encyclopedia of the Orient.
- 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
- Isidore of Seville (web biographies) and Academic articlesEconomics and Sociology articles