Various writings on historical topics

Why does Egypt speak Arabic today and not Egyptian?


Many who are not familiar with Egypt's history and culture wonder why Egypt does not speak Egyptian today and not Arabic. This article tries to answer this question for those who ask it.

The New Kingdom: The Last Empire

Egypt's last purely Egyptian great empire, known as the New Kingdom, lasted from 1567 B.C. to 1085 B.C. During this period Egypt dominated a lot of its neighbors, such as Nubia, and Syria. This was achieved by various means, such as Thutmosis military campaigns, Ramses II's peace treaties, and Amenhotep III's diplomacy via marriage. The riches of Tut-Ankh-Amen are from this period, as well as the religious revolution of Akhnaten, the heretic monotheistic pharaoh.

Carly Fiorina on Islamic Civilization


Carly Fiorina, the architect of the merger of computer technology giants, Hewlett Packard and Compaq, has been forced to leave the company she helped shape, citing differences with the board of directors.The engineering community were not sympathetic to her departure, blaming her for wrecking two companies. One has to remember that Compaq swallowed Digital less than a decade ago, killing off the excellent DEC Alpha chip, and entire lines of computing as well. Compaq also swallowed Tandem and their NonStop line.

Symbolism: Star of David or Solomon's Seal نجمة داوود و خاتم سليمان


The hexagram, or six sided star is known today as an exclusively Jewish symbol. This has not always been the case though. In this article, we discuss what other faiths and cultures it has represented over the millenia.

Articles on the history of Muslims and Arabs in the Iberian Peninsula تاريخ المسلمين و العرب في الأند


This is a collection of articles on the history of Arabs and Muslims in the Iberian Peninsula. The current language, customs and culture of today's Spain and Portugal is strongly influenced by eight centuries of Muslim rule (92 A.H/711 C.E. to 897 A.H/1492 C.E).These articles explore some aspects of this history and culture.

Almeida: Dining table of King Solomon? مائدة سليمان


During researching the etymology of various place names in the Iberian penninsula, that have Arabic names, I came across the town of Almeida. This town seems to derive its name from the Arabic word المائدة meaning "the dining table". It is said that it was a relic claimed by Iberian Christians to be the dining table of King Solomon. In this article, I try to collect all historical references on this mysterious relic dining table.

Biography: Ibn Al-Baytar إبن البيطار


Abu Muhammad Dia' al-Din Abdullah ibn Ahmad ibn Al-Baytar al-Maliqial-Andalusi أبو محمد ضياء الدين عبد الله بن أحمد بن البيطار المالقي الأندلسي. (b. 575 A.H./1179 C.E. d. 646 A.H./1248 C.E.). He was a famed physician, herbalist, pharmacist, and botanist.


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