Various writings on historical topics
On the Mediterranean coast west of the city of Alexandria, in Egypt, there is a belt of pumice embedded in the sedimentary stone that covers the landscape there. This article describes this belt and its possible origins.
One island in the Eastern Mediterranean is Thera, now known as Santorini, and is part of the Cyclades off the cost of Greece. This island was a Minoan colony in the Bronze age.
Georgius Elmacinus (also Elmakin or Elmacin) المكين, and in Arabic sources Ibn Al 'Amid إبن العميد . Egyptian Coptic Christian historian. (c. 1223-1274 or 1273 CE / 671 AH). Author of a history of Islam, extending from the time of Prophet Muhammad to the year 1118 C.E.
Samuel Huntington is still going strong.In the March/April 2004 of Foreign Policy, he published an article titled "The Hispanic Challenge"Basically, he continues to create enemies for America, whether real or imagined. First it was the "Islamic Civilization", and the "Confucian Civilization". This time it is the enemy within: The Hispanics!What a hot button it is with many American today, and what effect on immigration will it have?
Many hoaxes, absurd claims and pseudoscience have been forumlated around Ancient Egypt. From aliens build the pyramids, to alternative chronologies, to claims that all what we known about Egypt is wrong. One good site that debunks many of these claims is Catchpenny. For example, some have claimed that the inscriptions in the temple of Abydos are actually ancient helicopters. Giving rise to all absurd theories about Egyptians being much more advanced technologically, to the claims that aliens visted them!
Those who watch TV channels that delve into pseudoscience -- such as The Learning Channel (TLC) -- or love to visit fringe theory web sites, must have encountered Erich von Daniken or his web site.Von Daniken's theory is that ancient astronaut aliens visited Earth several times, and interacted with several civilization. The traces of these visits are everywhere, from ancient Peru to ancient Egypt.
Many people have claimed that the current chronology of ancient history is wrong, and that it needs to be revised.
Unfortunately, those who advocate such a Revised Chronology often use unscientific methods and attempts to push things to their own view.
In his history, Ibn Khaldun uses various sources, Islamic as well as non Islamic, contemporary, or ancient.Some researchers, like Levi-Provencal, have asserted that Ibn Khaldun has used Titus Livius' (Livy) work, because he mentions Hannibal and the Battle of Cannae in his history. Levi-Provencal even speculated that a copy of Livy's now lost work is to be found in some library in the Maghreb countries (Tunis, Algiers, Morocco).
Paulus Orosius. (c.385–420), Iberian priest, theologian, apologist, and historianBorn in Tarragona, Spain or Braga, Portugal. He went to see St. Augustine (c.413) and wrote, on request, a summary of the errors of Priscillian and of Origen. Augustine then sent him to Palestine to warn St. Jerome of the menace of Pelagianism.Unable to return to Spain, which was overrun by the Vandals, Orosius remained in Africa, where he completed the Seven Books of History against the Pagans (Historiarum Adversum Paganos Libri Septem, tr. by I. W.
Abu Zayd Wali Al Din Abdulrahman Ibn Muhammad Ibn Khaldun Al Hadrami Al Ishbili Al Maliki. (1332-1406). Muslim historian, politician, and political, economic and sociological theorist, and author.